Trawlers, Rigs & Rescue: North Sea is an exciting new series explores life on the North Sea and the worlds of the people who work and live in some of the most isolated and challenging conditions on earth…Featuring staggering triumphs of civil engineering and examining the colossally impressive scale and ingenuity of offshore industry; the hardships of trawlermen battling the seas to fill their quotas and the bravery of the search and rescue teams patrolling the waves – Trawlers Rigs & Rescue: North Sea will be packed with facts, drama and insight.
Runtime: 50 minutes
Trawlers, Rigs & Rescue: North Sea - Cod Wars - Netflix
The Cod Wars (Icelandic: Þorskastríðin, “the cod strife”, or Landhelgisstríðin, “the wars for the territorial waters”) were a series of confrontations between the United Kingdom and Iceland on fishing rights in the North Atlantic. Each of the disputes ended with an Icelandic victory. The Third Cod War concluded in 1976, with a highly favourable agreement for Iceland; the United Kingdom conceded to a 200-nautical-mile (370-kilometre) Icelandic exclusive fishery zone after threats that Iceland would withdraw from NATO, which would have forfeited NATO's access to most of the GIUK gap, a critical anti-submarine warfare chokepoint during the Cold War. As a result, British fishing communities lost access to rich areas and were devastated, with thousands of jobs lost. Since 1982, a 200-nautical-mile (370-kilometre) exclusive economic zone has been the United Nations standard. The term “cod war” was coined by a British journalist in early September 1958. None of the Cod Wars met any of the common thresholds for a conventional war, and they may more accurately be described as militarised interstate disputes. There is only one confirmed death during the Cod Wars: an Icelandic engineer, who was accidentally killed in the Second Cod War. While he was repairing damage on the Icelandic gunboat Ægir after a collision with the British frigate Apollo, they collided again, on 29 August 1973. Several explanations for the Cod Wars have been put forward. Recent studies have focused on the underlying economic, legal and strategic drivers for Iceland and the United Kingdom, as well as the domestic and international factors that contributed to the escalation of the dispute. Lessons drawn from the Cod Wars have been applied to international relations theory.
Trawlers, Rigs & Rescue: North Sea - Results - Netflix
Iceland achieved its overall aims. As a result, the already-declining British fisheries were hit hard by being excluded from their prime fishing grounds and the economies of the large northern fishing ports in the United Kingdom, such as Grimsby, Hull, and Fleetwood, were severely affected, with thousands of skilled fishermen and people in related trades being put out of work. The cost for repairing the damaged Royal Navy frigates was probably over £1 million. In 2012, the British government offered a multimillion-pound compensation deal and apology to fishermen who lost their livelihoods in the 1970s. More than 35 years after the workers lost their jobs, the £1,000 compensation offered to 2,500 fisherman was criticised for being insufficient and excessively delayed.
Trawlers, Rigs & Rescue: North Sea - References - Netflix