Two-part sun-filled series in which Richard E. Grant follows in the footsteps of artists who have lived, loved and painted on France's glorious Cote d'Azur.

Type: Documentary

Languages: English

Status: Ended

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2013-01-08

The Riviera: A History in Pictures - Jean Arthur - Netflix

Jean Arthur (born Gladys Georgianna Greene; October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an American actress and a film star of the 1930s and 1940s. Arthur had feature roles in three Frank Capra films: Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936), You Can't Take It with You (1938), and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), films that championed the “everyday heroine”. Arthur was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1944 for her performance in The More the Merrier (1943). James Harvey wrote in his history of the romantic comedy: “No one was more closely identified with the screwball comedy than Jean Arthur. So much was she part of it, so much was her star personality defined by it, that the screwball style itself seems almost unimaginable without her.” She has been called “the quintessential comedic leading lady”. Her last film performance was the memorable, and distinctly non-comedic, homesteader's wife in George Stevens' Shane in 1953. To the public, Arthur was known as a reclusive woman. News magazine Life observed in a 1940 article: “Next to Garbo, Jean Arthur is Hollywood's reigning mystery woman.” As well as recoiling from interviews, she avoided photographers and refused to become a part of any kind of publicity.

The Riviera: A History in Pictures - Early life - Netflix

Arthur was born Gladys Georgianna Greene in Plattsburgh, New York, to Protestant parents, Johanna Augusta Nelson (1874–1959) and Hubert Sidney Greene (1863–1944). Her Lutheran maternal grandparents immigrated from Norway to the American West after the Civil War. Her Congregationalist paternal ancestors immigrated from England to Rhode Island in the second half of the 1600s; during the 1790s, Nathaniel Greene helped found the town of St. Albans, Vermont, where his great-grandson, Hubert Sidney, was born on September 1, 1863. Johanna and Hubert were married in Billings, Montana on July 7, 1890. Gladys had three older brothers: Donald Hubert (1890–1967), Robert Brazier (1892–1955) and Albert Sidney (1894–1926). Hubert moved his wife and three sons from Billings to Plattsburgh, probably in 1897, so he could work as a photographer at the Woodward Studios on Clinton Street. After delivering stillborn twins on April 1, 1898, Johanna gave birth to Gladys two-and-a-half years later. The product of a nomadic childhood, the future Jean Arthur lived at times in Saranac Lake, New York; Jacksonville, Florida, where George Woodward, Hubert's Plattsburgh employer, opened a second studio; and Schenectady, New York, where Hubert had grown up and several members of his family still lived. The Greenes lived on and off in Westbrook, Maine, from 1908 to 1915 while Gladys' father worked at Lamson Studios in Portland, Maine. Relocating in 1915 to New York City, Hubert worked at Ira L. Hill's photographic studio on Fifth Avenue and his family settled in the Washington Heights neighborhood – at 573 West 159th Street – of upper Manhattan. Gladys dropped out of high school in her junior year due to a “change in family circumstances.” Presaging many of her later film roles, she worked as a stenographer on Bond Street in lower Manhattan during and after World War I. Both her father (at age 55, claiming to be 45) and siblings registered for the draft. Her brother Albert died as a result of injuries sustained in battle during World War I.

The Riviera: A History in Pictures - References - Netflix