It was the world's last Islamic empire - a super-power of a million square miles. From its capital in Istanbul it matched the glories of Ancient Rome. And after six centuries in power it collapsed less than a hundred years ago.
Rageh Omaar, who has reported from across this former empire, sets out to discover why the Ottomans have vanished from our understanding of the history of Europe. Why so few realise the importance of Ottoman history in today's Middle East. And why you have to know the Ottoman story to understand the roots of many of today's trouble spots from Palestine, Iraq and Israel to Libya, Syria, Egypt, Bosnia and Kosovo.
This is the forgotten story of how one dynasty, a single family, became Islamic rulers over huge swathes of the modern world.
Runtime: 60 minutes
The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors - List of Muslim states and dynasties - Netflix
This article lists some of the states, empires, or dynasties that were ruled by a Muslim elite, or which were in some way central to or a part of a Muslim empire. The Islamic Empire started by being lead by Muhammad. His friend, Abu Bakr, helped him in this mission. Scholars debate what exactly constitutes an empire. One definition defines an empire as a state that extends dominion over areas and populations culturally and ethnically distinct from the culture/ethnicity at the center of power.
The Ottomans: Europe's Muslim Emperors - Caliphates - Netflix
The Abbasid Caliphate (750–1258) – Successor of the Umayyad Caliphate, Fall of Baghdad (1258) The Fatimid Caliphate (909–1171) End of the Arab Empire The Almohad Caliphate (1121–1269) The Ottoman Caliphate (1362–1924) The Sokoto Caliphate (1804-1903) The Sharifian Caliphate (1924-1925)
The Rashidun Caliphate (632–661) – Beginning of the Islamic Empire The Umayyad Caliphate (661–750) – Successor of the Rashidun Caliphate The Umayyad Caliphate of Cordoba in Islamic Spain (929–1031)