Runtime: 7 minutes
Mesék Mátyás királyról - History of Hungarian animation - Netflix
The history of Hungarian animation begins in 1914 and carries through to the modern day. Starting with short promotional cartoons prior to the two World Wars, Hungarian animation underwent a sporadic and halting development during the turbulent war years which were characterized in large part by the emigration of much of the field's top talent. This exodus slowed dramatically during the 1950s when the Hungarian Communist Party took power and the Iron Curtain took shape. With Communism came nationalization of the Hungarian animation studio—a fact that was to prove a mixed blessing for the nascent industry. While political pressures would strongly dictate the kinds of topics that animation could cover in the early years, state funding meant that even the relatively small postwar nation would be able to prove itself on the international stage. Indeed, subsequent to the 1956 revolution, the softening effects of Goulash Communism helped enable artists to begin to express themselves such that by the late 1970s, Pannónia Film Stúdió would rank among the top 5 major cartoon studios alongside Walt Disney, Hanna-Barbera, Soyuzmultfilm, and Toei. With the end of Communism in 1989, state control of the animation industry dropped away and market forces prompted the rise of numerous independent animation studios. Lacking state funding and receiving mixed international response, Hungarian animation studios today have had to develop financing strategies consisting largely of working as production and development companies performing labor-intensive animation activities such as compositioning and inking for foreign studios. Despite this, Hungarian films continue to be produced every few years.
Mesék Mátyás királyról - Third generation animation - Netflix
With the artistic community still under government pressure, a third generation of films is marked by a muted subsurface emphasis on anxiety and a claustrophobic fear of persecution. Older (first and second generation) animators tended to emphasize morality and a development of the grotesque. 1970-1971 - Marcell Jankovics creates Mással beszélnek (“The Line is Engaged”). 1970 - The first feature-length cartoon script is created with the title Gusztáv bárkája (“Gustav's Boat”) however the film is never produced. 1971 - The animation workshop, Kecskeméti Animációs Filmstúdió, is founded as a subsidiary of Pannónia Film Studio. Shortly after this, another workshop would be established in Pécs. 1972 - Sándor Reisenbüchler creates Az 1812-es év (“The Year 1812”) to win a Palme d'Or du court métrage in Cannes. He would go on to create Holdmese (“Moon-Flight”) in 1975, and Pánik (“Panic”) in 1978. 1973 - Béla Vajda creates Jócselekedetek (“Good-Deeds”) 1973 - György Kovásznai creates Ca Ira (“It Will Work”). He would go on to create the feature-length musical cartoon, Habfürdő (“Foam Bath”) in 1979. 1973 - Kati Macskássy greatly develops the genre of children's animation with Gombnyomásra (“Push Button”) and later Nekem az élet teccik nagyon... (“I Think Life's Great Fun”) in 1976. The latter film won 1st Prize at Melbourne. 1973 - Marcell Jankovics creates the first feature-length Hungarian film, János Vitéz (“Johnny Corncob”) based on the poetry of Sándor Petőfi. He would go on to create the 1975 Academy Award nominee, Sisyphus, and later Küzdők (Fight) which won a Palme d'Or du court métrage in Cannes. These efforts were followed by the Magyar népmesék (“Hungarian Folk Tales”) series in 1978. 1973 - Bill Feigenbaum and József Gémes create the feature-length Hugó a víziló (“Hugo, the Hippopotamus”) under the commission of American Fabergé Brut. 1975 - Ottó Foky creates Babfilm (“Scenes With Beans”) to win the Grand Prix at the Lausanne Film Festival. 1975 - Emigre cartoonist Gábor Csupó moves to Sweden to escape the oppressive conditions of Soviet-era Hungary. He soon forms Klasky Csupo Studio with his wife, the Hungarian-born animator Arlene Klasky. The couple would go on to produce shows such as The Simpsons and Rugrats, and would win numerous Emmy awards for their efforts in animation. 1976 - Péter Szoboszlay creates Hé, te! (“Hey, You”) 1976 - Ferenc Varsányi creates Nagy mulatság (“The Big Blow-Out”). He would later help to further develop the genre of children's animation with Irka-firka (“Graffiti”) in 1977. 1976 - Attila Dargay creates the feature-length Lúdas Matyi (“Matty the Gooseboy”) 1977 - István Kovács creates Változó idők (“Changing Times”) 1977 - Csaba Szórady creates Rondinó (“Rondino”) 1978 - Pál Varga Géza creates Fair Play
Mesék Mátyás királyról - References - Netflix