Runtime: 105 minutes
Les Maîtres du pain - Joseph Malègue - Netflix
Joseph Malègue (8 December 1876 – 30 December 1940), was a French catholic novelist, principally author of Augustin ou le Maître est là (1933) and Pierres noires. Les classes moyennes du Salut. He was also a theologian and published some theological surveys, as Pénombres about Faith and against Fideism. His first novel is, following the French historian of spirituality Émile Goichot, the most accurately linked to Modernism. Pope Francis quoted in several circumstances, among them in El Jesuita this Malègue's view about Incarnation : ‘’ It is not Christ who is incomprehensible for me if He is God, it is God who is strange for me if He is not Christ.‘’
Les Maîtres du pain - Writings - Netflix
Malègue's Augustin ou le Maître est là is unique among Catholic novels, following Victor Brombert, because, instead of writing about sex and sin as François Mauriac or Georges Bernanos, he poses the religious problem from an intellectual (not intellectualist) point of view. The hero is clearly victim of the libido sciendi. But Malègue insists not on his pride, but on the seduction of the mind. He is not against intelligence, on the contrary. On the contrary a writer as Bernanos is in a sense against intelligence. Victorm Brombert citates L'imposture and the statement Yes intelligence can penetrate everything, just as a light can go through the thickness of crystal, but it is incapable of moving, of embracing. It is a sterile contemplation. The Augustin's return to his faith, in the end of the novel, is not an abdication of the intelligence, but a reconquest through pain and lucidity. This return to faith sharply departs from Jean Barois (of Roger Martin du Gard) because Barois' physical and mental anguish provokes a state of moral depression and a yearning for childhood coziness until in Augustin ou le Maître est là the return to faith (as in Jean Barois) and suffering is an exalting experience which elevates him [Augustin] to the "icy zones of spiritual meditation. Reason or intelligence is not abandoned but only cold reason which is unable to meet the person, both of men and God, in the same sense as the philosophers Blaise Pascal or Henri Bergson, thinking that Jewish or Christian God is not the God of Aristotle. But, in doing so, the author wrote a long (900 pages in the first edition) and authentic novel 'without loss of either dramatic or psychological intensity'. Following him, the drama of intelligence appears in a different light in other Catholic novels. If this author is a little forgotten, even in France, some literary critics continue to study his work, and among them William Marceau who wrote in 1987, Henri Bergson and Maurice Malègue, la convergence de deux pensées (French and Italian Studies, Stanford University, 1987), or Claude Barthe in 2004. Jean Guitton told that a great reader of Malègue was the pope Paul VI Malègue was also appreciated by unbelievers or atheists as for instance Fernand Vandérem, a Jewish literary critic for Le Figaro, who wrote articles in the most laudatory terms.
Les Maîtres du pain - References - Netflix