Peter Taylor investigates the terrorist threat from young Muslim extremists radicalised on the internet. Following the attempt to bomb an airliner over Detroit on Christmas Day, this landmark series looks at the angry young men of Generation Jihad who have turned their backs on the country where they were born.

Generation Jihad - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: English

Status: Ended

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2010-02-08

Generation Jihad - Salafi jihadism - Netflix

Salafi jihadism or jihadist-Salafism is a transnational religious-political ideology based on a belief in “physical” jihadism and the Salafi movement of returning to what adherents believe to be true Sunni Islam. The terms “Salafist jihadist” and “jihadist-Salafism” were coined by scholar Gilles Kepel in 2002 to describe “a hybrid Islamist ideology” developed by international Islamist volunteers in the Afghan anti-Soviet jihad who had become isolated from their national and social class origins. The concept was described by Martin Kramer as an academic term that “will inevitably be [simplified to] jihadism or the jihadist movement in popular usage.” (emphasis supplied) Practitioners are referred to as “Salafi jihadis” or “Salafi jihadists”. They are sometimes described as a variety of Salafi, and sometimes as separate from “good Salafis” whose movement eschews any political and organisational allegiances as potentially divisive for the Muslim community and a distraction from the study of religion. In the 1990s, extremist jihadists of the al-Jama'a al-Islamiyya were active in the attacks on police, government officials and tourists in Egypt, and Armed Islamic Group of Algeria was a principal group in the Algerian Civil War. The most famous jihadist-Salafist attack is the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States by al-Qaeda. While Salafism had next to no presence in Europe in the 1980s, by the mid-2000s, Salafist jihadists had acquired “a burgeoning presence in Europe, having attempted more than 30 terrorist attacks among E.U. countries since 2001.” While many see the influence and activities of Salafi jihadists as in decline after 2000 (at least in the United States), others see the movement as growing in the wake of the Arab Spring and breakdown of state control in Libya and Syria.

Generation Jihad - Leaders and development - Netflix

“Theoreticians” of Salafist jihadism included Afghan jihad veterans such as the Palestinian Abu Qatada, the Syrian Mustafa Setmariam Nasar, the Egyptian Mustapha Kamel, known as Abu Hamza al-Masri. Osama bin Laden was its most well-known leader. The dissident Saudi preachers Salman al-Ouda and Safar Al-Hawali, were held in high esteem by this school. Murad Al-shishani of The Jamestown Foundation states there have been three generations of Salafi-jihadists: those waging jihad in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Iraq. As of the mid-2000s, Arab fighters in Iraq were “the latest and most important development of the global Salafi-jihadi movement”. These fighters were usually not Iraqis, but volunteers who had come to Iraq from other countries, mainly Saudi Arabia. Unlike in earlier Salafi jihadi actions, Egyptians “are no longer the chief ethnic group”. According to Bruce Livesey Salafist jihadists are currently a “burgeoning presence in Europe, having attempted more than 30 terrorist attacks among EU countries” from September 2001 to the beginning of 2005". According to Mohammed M. Hafez, in Iraq jihadi salafi are pursuing a “system-collapse strategy” whose goal is to install an “Islamic emirate based on Salafi dominance, similar to the Taliban regime in Afghanistan.” In addition to occupation/coalition personnel they target mainly Iraqi security forces and Shia civilians, but also “foreign journalists, translators and transport drivers and the economic and physical infrastructure of Iraq.”

Generation Jihad - References - Netflix