Princess Cleopatra becomes Egypt's Queen and has an out-of-wedlock son with the son-less Roman ruler Julius Ceasar. Through two romances she strives to protect Egypt from the Romans and make her son the heir to Ceaser's Roman Empire.

Cleopatra - Netflix

Type: Scripted

Languages: English

Status: Ended

Runtime: 85 minutes

Premier: 1999-05-23

Cleopatra - Death of Cleopatra - Netflix

The death of Cleopatra VII, the last reigning ruler of Ptolemaic Egypt, occurred on either 10 or 12 August 30 BC in Alexandria, when she was 39 years old. According to a popular belief, Cleopatra committed suicide by allowing an asp (Egyptian cobra) to bite her. In other versions offered by Roman historians, Cleopatra poisoned herself using either an implement or toxic ointment. Primary source accounts are derived mainly from the works of the ancient Roman historians Strabo, Plutarch, and Cassius Dio. Some modern scholars speculate that she was murdered, while others doubt the validity of the accounts involving snakebites as the cause of death. Some academics hypothesize that her Roman rival Octavian, out of political expediency, allowed Cleopatra to commit suicide in the manner of her choosing. Cleopatra's death effectively ended the final war of the Roman Republic between Octavian and Mark Antony, in which Cleopatra aligned herself with Antony, her husband and father to three of her children. Antony and Cleopatra fled to Egypt following their loss at the 31 BC Battle of Actium in Roman Greece, after which Octavian invaded Egypt and defeated their forces. The location of Cleopatra's tomb is unknown, although it was recorded that Octavian allowed for her and Antony, who committed suicide by stabbing, to be buried together properly. Cleopatra's death marked the end of the Hellenistic period and Ptolemaic rule of Egypt, as well as the beginning of Roman Egypt, which became a province of the Roman Empire. By committing suicide, she avoided the humiliation of being paraded as a prisoner in a Roman triumph celebrating the military victories of Octavian, who would become Rome's first emperor and known as Augustus. Octavian had her son Caesarion, rival heir of Julius Caesar, killed in Egypt but spared her other children and brought them to Rome. The death of Cleopatra has been depicted in various works of art in ancient, medieval, early modern, and modern times. These include the visual, literary, and performing arts, ranging from sculptures and paintings to poetry and plays, as well as modern films. Cleopatra featured prominently in the prose and poetry of ancient Latin literature. While surviving ancient Roman depictions of her death in visual arts are rare, Medieval, Renaissance, Baroque, and Modern works are numerous. Ancient Greco-Roman sculptures such as the Esquiline Venus and Sleeping Ariadne served as inspirations for later artworks portraying her death, universally involving the snakebite of an asp. Cleopatra's death has also involved themes of eroticism and sexuality, in works that include paintings, plays, and films, especially from the Victorian era. Modern works depicting Cleopatra's death range from Neoclassical sculpture to Orientalist painting, the latter of which has influenced other mediums such as cinema.

Cleopatra - Cleopatra's tomb - Netflix

The site of the mausoleum of Cleopatra and Mark Antony is uncertain. However, the Egyptian Antiquities Service believes that it is in or near a temple of Taposiris Magna, southwest of Alexandria. In their excavations of the temple of Osiris at Taposiris Magna, Dominican archaeologist Kathleen Martinez and Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass have discovered six burial chambers along with various artifacts, including forty coins minted by Cleopatra and Antony as well as an alabaster bust depicting Cleopatra. British Egyptologist John Baines argues that a bronze statue of Aphrodite—a foreign goddess to the Egyptians—found at the site indicates a uniquely “Ptolemaic connection”, but classicist Mary Beard has expressed doubt about Taposiris Magna being the location of Cleopatra or Antony's tomb. In an early-1st-century AD painting from the House of Giuseppe II in Pompeii, a rear wall depicted with a set of double doors positioned very high above the scene of a woman wearing a royal diadem and committing suicide among her attendants suggests the described layout of Cleopatra's tomb in Alexandria.

Cleopatra - References - Netflix