A look back at the big news stories from 2016.
Runtime: 30 minutes
2016 - Donald Trump presidential campaign, 2016 - Netflix
The 2016 presidential campaign of Donald Trump was formally launched on June 16, 2015, at Trump Tower in New York City. Trump was the Republican nominee for President of the United States in the 2016 election, having won the most state primaries, caucuses, and delegates at the 2016 Republican National Convention. He chose Mike Pence, the sitting Governor of Indiana, as his vice presidential running mate. On November 8, 2016, Trump and Pence were elected president and vice president of the United States. Trump's populist positions in opposition to illegal immigration and various trade agreements, such as the Trans-Pacific Partnership, earned him support especially among voters who were male, white, blue-collar and those without college degrees. Some of Trump's remarks were controversial and helped his campaign garner extensive coverage by the mainstream media, trending topics, and social media. Trump's campaign rallies attracted large crowds, as well as public controversy. Some of the events were marked by incidents of violence between Trump supporters and protesters, mistreatment of some journalists, and disruption by a large group of protesters who effectively shut down a major rally in Chicago. Trump was accused of inciting violence at his rallies. Trump's disdain for political correctness was a staple theme of his campaign and proved popular among his supporters. Many, including some mainstream commentators and some prominent Republicans, viewed him as appealing to racism, a charge that he “repeatedly and vehemently denies.” Trump's most polarizing and widely reported proposals were about issues of immigration and border security, especially his proposed deportation of all illegal immigrants, the proposed construction of a substantial wall on the Mexico–United States border at Mexican expense, his characterizations of many Mexican immigrants as “criminals, drug dealers, rapists, etc”, and a temporary ban on foreign Muslims entering the U.S. (which he later modified to apply to people originating from countries, which he described as having, a history of terrorism against the United States or its allies). Opposition to Trump grew during his campaign among both Republicans (who viewed Trump as irrevocably damaging to the party and its chances of winning elections during and after 2016, leading to the coalescence of the Stop Trump movement) and Democrats (who decried Trump's anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim policies, his behavior toward critics, his treatment of the media, and the ethno-nationalist alt-right's support of his campaign because of said policies and his anti-political correctness stance, which many cited to be a factor in the rise of hate crimes and other hate-motivated incidents against ethnic and religious minorities prior to and following Trump's win); although, some conservatives, liberals and independents criticized Republican congress-members for prioritizing party loyalty and avoiding alienation of Trump supporters to ensure re-election, over condemning several of Trump's actions. On January 6, 2017, the United States government's intelligence agencies concluded that the Russian government interfered in the 2016 United States elections. A joint U.S. intelligence community review ordered by President Barack Obama stated with high confidence that “Russian President Vladimir V. Putin ordered an influence campaign in 2016 aimed at the US presidential election. Russia's goals were to undermine public faith in the US democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, and harm her electability and potential presidency.” Investigations about potential collusion between the Trump campaign and Russian officials were started by the FBI, the Senate Intelligence Committee, the House Intelligence Committee, and former FBI Director Robert S. Mueller III was appointed as Special Counsel in May 2017 by Acting Attorney General Rod Rosenstein to oversee the ongoing investigation into links between Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign and the Russian government as part of the election interference and any related illegal acts. President Donald Trump has repeatedly criticized these intelligence claims, citing a lack of evidence and repeatedly calling them a “hoax” and “fake news”.
2016 - Campaign misstatements - Netflix
In December 2015, Politifact named “the many campaign misstatements of Donald Trump” as its “2015 Lie of the Year”, noting at the time that 76 percent of Trump statements rated by the factchecking website were rated “Mostly False, False or Pants on Fire”, more than any other politician. Norman Ornstein, a scholar at the conservative American Enterprise Institute, said that “Trump came into an environment that was ripe for bombastic, inflammatory, outrageous statements without having to suffer the consequences”, citing the rise of partisan media, popular desensitization to inflammatory rhetoric, and “the assault on science and expertise” as contributing factors. In March 2016, Politico Magazine analyzed 4.6 hours of Trump stump speeches and press conferences over a five-day period and found “more than five dozen statements deemed mischaracterizations, exaggerations, or simply false.” Trump's penchant for exaggerating to voters has roots in the world of New York real estate, where hyperbole is common. Lucas Graves, a professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison School of Journalism & Mass Communication, observed that Trump often speaks in a suggestive way that makes it unclear what exactly he meant and, in this regard, warned fact checkers “to be really careful ... to pick things that can be factually investigated and that reflect what the speaker was clearly trying to communicate.”
2016 - References - Netflix