Runtime: 50 minutes
Практика - Hey, Slavs - Netflix
“Hey, Slavs” is a patriotic song dedicated to the Slavic peoples. Its lyrics were first written in 1834 under the title “Hey, Slovaks” (“Hej, Slováci”) by Samuel Tomášik and it has since served as the anthem of the Pan-Slavic movement, the Sokol physical education and political movement, the SFR Yugoslavia and as the anthem of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. The song is also considered to be the unofficial second ethnic anthem of the Slovaks. Its melody is based on “Mazurek Dąbrowskiego”, which has also been the national anthem of Poland since 1926, but the Yugoslav variation has a slower tempo, is more accentuated, and does not repeat the last four lines as it repeats the last two lines.
Практика - Yugoslavia - Netflix
The first appearance of “Hey, Slavs” in Yugoslavia was during the Illyrian movement. Dragutin Rakovac translated the song, naming it “Hey, Illyrians” (Croatian: Hej, Iliri). Until the Second World War, the translation did not undergo many changes, except that the Illyrians became Slavs. In 1941 the Second World War engulfed the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The Axis powers invaded in early April, and the Yugoslav royal army disintegrated and capitulated in just two and a half weeks. Since the old Yugoslav anthem included references to king and kingdom, the anti-royalist Partisan resistance led by Josip Broz Tito and his Communist party decided to avoid it and opted for Hey, Slavs instead. The song was sung at both the first and second sessions of AVNOJ, the legislative body of the resistance, and it gradually became the de facto national anthem of Democratic Federal Yugoslavia (new Yugoslavia). The old state anthem was officially abandoned after liberation in 1945, but no new anthem was officially adopted. There were several attempts to promote other, more specifically Yugoslav songs as the national anthem, but none gained much public support and “Hey, Slavs” continued to be used unofficially. The search for a better candidate continued up to 1988, while in 1977 the law only named the national anthem as “Hey, Slavs” as a temporary anthem until a new one was adopted. “Hej, Slavs” was the national anthem of the SFR Yugoslavia from 1943 to 1992 (48 years). With the formal adoption (inauguration) of Amendment IX to the Constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the song “Hey, Slavs” gained constitutional sanction as the national anthem on November 25, 1988. After the 43 years of continued use as the de facto national anthem, the delegates simply brought the law in line with custom.
Практика - References - Netflix